2 edition of Affirmative action and equal protection found in the catalog.
Affirmative action and equal protection
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on the Constitution.
|LC Classifications||KF26 .J8359 1981i|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vi, 1414 p. :|
|Number of Pages||1414|
|LC Control Number||83601830|
Get this from a library! Affirmative action and equal protection: hearings before the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-seventh Congress, first session, on S.J. Res. 41 May 4, J 18, and J [United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. In its tumultuous year history, affirmative action has been both praised and pilloried as an answer to racial inequality. The term "affirmative action" was first introduced by President Kennedy in as a method of redressing discrimination that had persisted in spite of civil rights laws and constitutional guarantees. It was developed and enforced for the first time by .
Affirmative action is a policy that directly or indirectly awards jobs, promotions, and other resources to individuals on the basis of membership in a protected group in order to compensate those groups for past discrimination. Through affirmative action, police departments have taken positive steps to correct past racial and sexual discrimination. Such action helps achieve the ultimate goal of the Equal Protection Clause: “to do away with all governmentally imposed discrimination.” The voters of every state that has a ballot referendum or initiative process should follow suit and consider passing a state constitutional ban on discrimination by state and local governments.
Summary In , the Texas legislature determined that the top ten percent of graduates from all of the state’s public high schools would automatically be admitted to Texas state universities. Sending the top ten percent of students from each school allowed for more diversity in higher education because individual high schools tend to be racially [ ]. Indeed, in the pivotal affirmative action court cases that have challenged various remedial strategies over the last half-century—all well documented and expertly contextualized in The Affirmative Action Puzzle—both Title VII and the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment have been repeatedly invoked to protect white Americans.
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Facts for consumers
The motion is, "The Equal Protection Clause Forbids Racial Preferences in State University Admissions." We've heard two debaters arguing for the motion, Stuart Taylor and Roger Clegg.
They say, "Look at the text of the -- of the 14th Amendm ent, 'No state shall deny to any person in its jurisdiction the equal protection of -- under the laws.'". “Affirmative Action” and Equal Protection in Higher Education Congressional Research Service R VERSION 3 UPDATED 2 classifications10—voluntary measures designed not directly to remedy past governmental discrimination, but to increase the representation of racial minorities previously excluded fromFile Size: 1MB.
Affirmative Action Supreme Court Hearing: Does The Practice Violate 'Equal Protection' Under 14th Amendment. Ben Wieder Stateline People wait in line to enter the Supreme Court in Washington, Monday, Oct.
1, In this compelling and powerful book, Eastland lays bare the absurdities and injustices of affirmative action, and presents the strongest case to date for doing away with race-based and gender-based preferences-- a ringing call for all Americans to reclaim our nation's shared values of equal protection under the law, without reference to race Cited by: Whether philosophical notions of justice and equality and the constitutional constraints imposed by the equal protection clause can justify affirmative action without thereby legitimating first-order discrimination depends on the meaning of such key terms asjustice, equality, andaffirmative meaning of those terms, however, is far from settled.
"An interdisciplinary analysis of affirmative action, integrating philosophical and constitutional assessments of the affirmative action where appropriate and considering the proper place of philosophical insights in the constitutional assessment of the legitimacy of affirmative action under the equal protection clause."—.
Affirmative action in the United States is a set of laws, opposes affirmative action. He believes the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment forbids consideration of race, such as race-based affirmative action or preferential treatment.
He also believes it creates "a cult of victimization" and implies blacks require "special. Affirmative action, in the United States, an active effort to improve employment or educational opportunities for members of minority groups and for women. Affirmative action began as a government remedy to the effects of long-standing discrimination against such groups and has consisted of policies, programs, and procedures that give preferences to minorities and.
And some of the Court’s opinions have suggested that, insofar as affirmative action constitutes an exception to the equal-protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, it will eventually time Author: Louis Menand.
The Constitutionality of Affirmative Action Affirmative action has long been perceived as a necessary means of making amends for the history of racism in the United States.
Over time, there have been several challenges to the constitutionality of affirmative action policies, prompting the question: Do such policies violate the 14th Amendment’s Equal Protection.
I enjoyed reading the article by Frederick R. Lynch, “Surviving Affirmative Action (More or Less)” [August ]. I am one of those who has survived it less.
Beginning in I heard comments like, “It doesn’t matter what he knows, so long as he’s black,” in. Affirmative action was extended to women by Executive Order which amended Executive Order on 13 Octoberby adding "sex" to the list of protected categories.
In the U.S. affirmative action's original purpose was to pressure institutions into compliance with the nondiscrimination mandate of the Civil Rights Act of UPDATE: State Judge Holds Use of Race in Ohio Medical Marijuana Licensing Unconstitutional. A state trial judge has just held that Ohio’s use of racial preferences in the award of state medical marijuana cultivation licenses violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment (and the Ohio state constitution).
This lesson considers equal protection and affirmative action. It treats the beginnings of affirmative action, the level of scrutiny that applies to affirmative action, the special context of affirmative action and education, and affirmative action and.
The Gallup question does not define "affirmative action" at all, leaving that to the understanding of the respondent.
The Pew question doesn't define the specifics of the affirmative action programs beyond saying that the result would be to increase the number of black and minority students on college campuses.
Opponents to affirmative action argue that such policies may be unconstitutional under the 14th Amendment, Equal Protection Clause of the United States Constitution. Title VI of the Civil Rights Act ofprohibiting discrimination based on color, race, or national origin by institutional recipients of federal financial assistance, also.
“The evidence on [the wrongs perpetrated by affirmative action programs] is hotly disputed, but Richard Sander and Stuart Taylor Jr. make a compelling case in their book Mismatch.” —David Brooks, New York Times “The best argument against affirmative action is presented in Mismatch, by Richard Sander andCited by: Affirmative action should be about reparations and leveling a playing field that was legally imbalanced for hundreds of years and not about the re Author: Kimberly Reyes.
Affirmative action in the Workplace program or action plan is a tool of management designed to make sure there is an equal opportunity for employment for all.
The whole idea of this action is that over time there shall be no discrimination whatsoever. This work outlines perspectives essential to understanding the debate on affirmative action. Affirmative action is used as a social policy tool in several countries around the world, and is endorsed in some constitutions, laws and international human rights conventions.
Nevertheless, it is controversial, especially because both its proponents and critics rely on the notion of. Now government required the development of a written affirmative action program: “to ensure that equal opportunity is provided in all aspects of their employment and “expanded efforts in outreach, recruitment, training, and other areas are some of the affirmative steps contractors can take to help members of the protected groups compete for Reviews: The Affirmative Action Debate collects the leading voices on all sides of this crucial dialogue.
A provocative range of politicians, researchers, legal experts, and businesspeople dispute the best way to fight discrimination. Their essays explore such questions as, How did affirmative-action policies come to be?
Who benefits most from them, and who suffers? “[Affirmative action] was an attempt to bring equity and equal opportunity to the admissions process.” How widely is it used? Not every school uses affirmative action in Author: Emma Sarran Webster.